E networks (energy networks)

An electrical grid is an interconnected network for delivering electricity from producers to consumers. It consists of generating stations that produce electrical power, high voltage transmission lines that carry power from distant sources to demand centers, and distribution lines that connect individual customers. Electrical grids vary in size from covering a single building through national grids which cover whole countries, to transnational grids which can cross continents. INS develops algorithms for electric grid stability control including pricing mechanisms.